Key Terms


  1. Classical—Roman and Greek art, philosophy
  2. Renaissance—A time of artistic and intellectual creativity
  3. Technology—The use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
  4. Astrolabe—An instrument that sailors used to navigate the position of the stars
  5. Caravel—A small ship that traveled fast—it had a broad bow
  6. Pilgrimage—A journey to a holy place
  7. Mosque—A holy place for Muslims
  8. Line of demarcation—An imaginary line that runs from the north pole through the Atlantic Ocean to the equator
  9. Strait—A narrow, twisting sea passage.
  10. Circumnavigate—To sail around the world
  11. Conquistador—Spanish explorer in the Americas in the 1500s
  12. Tribute—Money paid for protection
  13. Pueblo--A town
  14. Mission—religious community
  15. Presidio—A fort
  16. Plantation—It is a large estate
  17. Mercantilism—The belief that a nation or state’s power depended on its wealth
  18. Columbian Exchange—It is contact between Columbus and the natives that led to an exchange of plants, animals, and diseases that altered life on both sides of the Atlantic
  19. Northwest Passage—A water route to Asia through North America sought by European explorers
  20. Coureur de bois—A French trapper living among Native Americans

Chapter 4 Vocabulary Terms


Section 1

  1. Subsistence farming
  2. Triangular trade
  3. Cash crop
  4. Diversity
  5. Tidewater
  6. Backcountry
  7. Overseer

Section 2

  1. Mercantilism
  2. Export
  3. Import
  4. Smuggling
  5. Charter colony
  6. Proprietary colony
  7. Royal colony
  8. Apprentice
  9. Literacy

Section 3

  1. Iroquois Confederacy
  2. Militia

Section 4

  1. Alliance
  2. Speculator

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