Test Reviews

  1. What did the earliest Native Americans cross to reach North America?
  2. What did Mayan priests’ interest in astronomy lead to?
  3. What was the capital of the Aztec Empire?
  4. What did the Maya and the Aztec organize their societies around?
  5. Which was the largest of the early American civilizations?
  6. Who were the early Ohio Valley people who built huge burial mounds?
  7. In where present-day location was the largest settlement of Mound Builders located?
  8. Which civilizations organized their societies around their religion?
  9. Which civilization build stone-paved roads over mountains?
  10. What did the Inca believe the sun god enjoyed displays of?
  11. Which peoples wore clothing of sealskin?
  12. Tepees were used by which culture?
  13. How did the Iroquois promote peace?
  14. What is the study of ancient peoples called?
  15. Which group had a military empire?
  16. Which group built earthen pyramids?
  17. What is a system of record keeping with string?
  18. What is another name for sun-dried mud brick?
  19. What do you call broad platforms cut into mountains?
  20. What was the religious center of the Inca?
  21. Who is the descendent of the Inca sun god?
  22. What is another name for a stone community dwelling?
  23. What do you call a government that links different groups together?


Chapter 2 Quiz Review


1. Name three powerful African kingdoms.

2. Name three ships that were part of Columbus’s fleet?

3. Which rulers encouraged the conquistadors to explore the Americas?

4. What were the two opposing side to the Protestant Reformation?

5. Which explorers conquered empires in the Americas?

6. Which animals did the Spanish introduce to the Americas?

7. Along which body of water was Portugal's coastline located?

8. Why were traders interested in the African Kingdoms?

9. For which country did the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria sail for?

10. In 1492, for which country did Columbus claim new land?

11. In the mid-1500s, why did Spanish and Portuguese traders bring thousands of slaves to the Americas?

12. What is the economic theory of mercantilism?

13. What were French, Dutch, and English explorers looking for in North America?

14. What was the period of intellectual and artistic creativity that spread throughout Europe in the 1300s called?

15. Who were the Spanish explorers of the Americas?

16. Which continent had wealthy trading kingdoms between 400 and 1600?

17. What was the use of scientific knowledge for practical purposes called?

18. What was the term that meant large estate?

19. Which Europeans reached North America centuries before Christopher Columbus?

20. What was a journey to a holy place called?

21. What were ancient Greek and Roman philosophy, poetry, and science considered to be?

22. Which term means to sail all the way around the world?

23. What was the grouping of people in a society by wealth and status?


24. What was the motivation behind Europeans’ desire to explore the world in the 15th and 16th centuries?

25.       Name the technological advances that made European overseas exploration possible and how did each help them?




  1. In 1607, what did settlers from the Virginia Company come to North America seeking?
    1. Gold, fish and furs
  2. Which was the first successfully established English colony in North America?
    1. Jamestown
  3. What is a representative government? Define
    1. Where people are elected to represent a town or city
  4. Which type of government did most colonists support?
    1. Representative
  5. Where was the first English settlement in North America?
    1. Jamestown
  6. Which fleet of war ships was the mightiest naval force the world had ever seen?
    1. Spanish Armada
  7. What was an elected representative from Virginia called?
    1. Burgess
  8. Where did the Pilgrims land in 1620?
    1. Cape Cod
  9. Which were the New England Colonies?
    1. Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut
  10. What were Protestants who wanted to reform the Anglican Church called?
    1. Puritans
  11. How did the Native Americans in New England first help settlers?
    1. Grow crops, fish, and hunt
  12. After the Europeans arrived, what did thousands of Native Americans die from?
    1. Disease
  13. What was the ship that carried Pilgrims to North America named?
    1. Mayflower
  14. Which document was drawn up by the Plymouth Pilgrims to ensure loyalty and order?
    1. Mayflower Compact
  15. What were Protestants who wanted to start their own churches called?
    1. Separatists and Pilgrims
  16. How well did the early colonists and the Native Americans get along?
    1. They got along well
  17. Name the Middle Colonies.
    1. New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware
  18. Which colony did William Penn, a Quaker, establish?
    1. Pennsylvania
  19. What were colonies ruled by individuals or groups to whom Britain had given land called?
    1. Proprietary Colony
  20. New York City is located on a river.How did this location help it become one of the fastest-growing colonial cities?
    1. People from different countries and cultures came to settle in New York.It was also a port where lots of ships would dock.
  21. Why do you think the ideas of democracy and freedom of religion were important to the colonists?
    1. The settlers liked the idea of having a voice through representation.In having representation, everybody’s vocal opinions would carry to the King.Also in having freedom of religion, you were free from judgment.That is, you would not be criticized for your beliefs.
  22. Which were the Southern Colonies?
    1. Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Maryland
  23. Where did most colonists in North America come from?
    1. Colonists were mostly from Britain, and came as indentured servants.
  24. What is a constitution?
    1. A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
  25. What were French in colonial North America mostly involved in?
    1. The French were mainly concerned with trapping animals for their fur and fishing
  26. Who was the Franciscan monk who set up missions in California?
    1. Juniper Serra
  27. What religious settlement were set up to convert people to a particular faith?
    1. Missions (established in California by Spain)
  28. Why did the English establish colonies in the Americas?
    1. They wanted to expand their settlements in North America.Also, by establishing more colonies in North America, they hoped to protect their investments in other territories.

Chapter 4 Test

Section 1

  1. How did New England farms compare to those farms farther south?
    1. They were smaller
  2. Which crop allowed South Carolina and Georgia to have the fastest growing economies in the colonies
    1. Rice
  3. Which group was used in colonies where hard labor was required on large farms?
    1. Enslaved Africans
  4. What was the most profitable cash crop in South Carolina and Georgia?
    1. Rice
  5. What type of farming was practiced in New England?
    1. Subsistence Farming
  6. What area was the hub of the shipping trade in North America?
    1. New England
  7. Which group provided the labor for the Southern rice fields?
    1. Slaves
  8. In the Southern Colonies, what were the region of small farms called?
    1. Backcountry
  9. During which leg of the triangular trade route were enslaved Africans shipped to the West Indies?
    1. Middle Passage
  10. In which region where most of the large Southern plantations located?
    1. Tidewater
  11. Which laws were created that governed slaves?
    1. Slave Codes
  12. What was the main cash crop in Georgia?
    1. Rice

Section 2

1.What did England need to do to make money from trade?

England had to export goods more than they needed to import from foreign countries

2. What were two restrictions that the Navigation Acts forbid colonial merchants from doing?

a. Colonists could not use foreign ships (even if the rate was cheaper)

b. They could not sell sugar or tobacco to countries outside of the English (British) Empire

3. How did England view its North American colonies?

England viewed its North American colonies as an economic resource

4. What theory holds that a nation's power depended on expanding its trade?

Mercantilism-states that as a nation’s trade grows, its gold reserves increase.

5. How did the Navigation Acts affect the colonists?

a. It angered them

b. It restricted their trade

c. It caused them to smuggle goods illegally

6. What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies called?

The Great Awakening

7. What was the first college in the United States?

Harvard College

8. What were the three types of colonies? Describe each type of government.

a. Royal—Britain directly ruled all royal colonies.  The king appointed a governor and council, known as the upper house.  The colonists elected an assembly, called the lower house.  The governor and members of the council usually did what the British leaders told them to do.

b. Charter—Elected their own governors and the members of the legislature.  Great Britain had the right to approve the governor, but the governor could not veto the acts of the legislature

c. Proprietary—Generally free to rule as they wished.  They appointed the governor and members of the upper house of the legislature, while colonists elected the lower house

Section 3

  1. Which countries fought in the French and Indian War?

Great Britain and France

2. What were the group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies called?


3. What proposal sought to unite the American colonies against the French?

The Albany Plan of Union

4. What plan called for one general government for all the American colonies?

The Albany Plan of Union

5. Which was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?

The Iroquois Confederacy

6. What did Nathan Ames believe was the “Garden of the World?”

The country to the west of the Appalachian Mountains

7. Who was regarded as the hero who struck the first blow against the French?

George Washington

Section 4

1.Which countries fought in the Seven Years' War?

Prussia, Great Britain, France

2. Which leader recognized that British settlers threatened the Native Americans' way of life?

Chief Pontiac

3. The Treaty of Paris marked the end of power in North America for which country?


4. Which man changed Britain's fortune in the war with France?

William Pitt

5. Which prime minister oversaw the war effort with France from London?

William Pitt

6. What halted the settlers’ westward expansion?

Proclamation of 1763

7. Which Ottawa leader wanted to join Native Americans together to fight the British?

Chief Pontiac

Chapter 5 Test Review


1. Which document did Great Britain issue after the French & Indian War?

2. With which act did the British Parliament assert its right to tax the colonies?

3. Which act was repealed as the result of the Boston Massacre?

4. Which acts were passed by Parliament as punishment on the Boston colonists for the tea party?

5. Where were the first battles of the American Revolution fought?

6. The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited colonists from moving west of what boundary?

7. The British government tried to stop smuggling with which act?

8. How did the British government view the American colonies?

9. What act taxed almost all printed material in the colonies?

10. What did a British customs officer present to search a colonist's house?

11. Which acts prevented supplies being shipped to Boston?

12. Who rode through the night, shouting "The regulars are out?"

13. Who was one of the first people killed during the Boston massacre?

14. Which legal document permitted British officials to search colonists’ homes?

15. Which organization united protesters opposed to British rule?

16. How did the colonial leaders use the Boston Massacre killings to their advantage?

17. Which act allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the shopkeepers for a lower price?

18. Which act gave the British Parliament the right to tax and make decisions for the colonies "in all cases"?

19. What was the name that the colonists called the Coercive Acts?

20. Who shouted, “ Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes?”

21. Which act gave Quebec the area west of the Appalachian Mountains?

22. Which act protected royal officials and soldiers accused of capital crimes from being tried in colonial courts?

23. Which act gave the royal governor direct control over the colony in all colonial government issues?

24. Which act forced colonists to house British soldiers in their homes and barns?

25. Which act closed Boston Harbor until payment was made for the tea that had been destroyed?

26. What is another word for preamble?

27. Which act taxed printed material?

28. Who was an advocate of women's rights?

29. Who wrote Common Sense, calling for complete independence from England?

30. Who was the main write of the Declaration of Independence?

31. What was the significance of the Boston Tea Party?

Know the following key terms:

Writs of assistance, effigy, boycott, propaganda, committee of correspondence, militia, minutemen, loyalist, patriot, preamble
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